How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. Symptoms include
- Feeling depressed
- Sickness or feeling sick
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Muscle pain
- Profuse sweating
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
- Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
- Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
- Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
- For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
- Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.
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Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
- In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
- Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
- Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
- It helps those who have gone through detox to stay sober.
- Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
- Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
- Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In a few cases, withdrawal symptoms may last for several months or even years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.
Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are
- Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
- Methadone doesn't cause intoxication but it binds onto the same brain receptors as opiates and prevents further use of drugs to get the high feeling.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- Methadone can become addictive so it is used with caution.
- It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
- You can find out more about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
- Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
- It puts an end to cravings.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Treatment Centres And Medical Detoxification
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
Detox in a safe and comfortable environment if the first step to sobriety.
A monitored detoxification may relieve health problems. Fluids levels, temperature, heart and breathing rate checked by doctors. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Inpatient rehab often includes detox. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 246 1509.