What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
Dr. AAron T. Beck started Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the 60s which is a branch of mental health counselling.
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Overcoming addiction calls for many resources and people. Outpatient and inpatient substance addiction treatment may assist you to regain your sobriety and avoid reverting to drug use. Mental health counsellors will help you learn the skills you need to apply in your life to ensure complete recovery.
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They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.
Today, cognitive behavioural therapy is widely used to treat addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Along with addictions, CBT also facilitates treating various co-occurring disorders, such as the following
- Various forms of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Various forms of eating disorders
- PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And How It Works
Lack of proper reason or sense is what causes people to behaviour in a certain tragic way and this explanation is according to Cognitive Behavioural therapy. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.
The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. Fear, self doubt and other internalized feelings together with misconceptions are what usually cause these automatic negative thoughts. People often drink or abuse drugs in an attempt to mitigate these afflictive thoughts and feelings.
Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.
These addiction can be gradually minimised if they address the past experiences and thoughts. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.
Triggers - certain situations that provoke, i.e. "trigger", cravings for substance during the day - prevent many addicts from living a sober life. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
- Getting rid of all the negative thought that lead people to addiction.
- Providing DIY techniques to lift the patients' spirits.
- Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.
How To Control The Triggers
- Recognize Triggers In Time
- Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
- Stay away from places and situations that make you want to drink or take the drugs.
- Apply the CBT skills you have learned to sort through your thoughts and emotions to beat the urge to indulge.
The techniques provided by the cognitive-behavioural therapists can be practiced beyond the office of the therapist. Patients can do a lot of CBT exercises all by themselves - at a group meeting and at home.
The techniques of CBT are also being used in the SMART programs and other self help groups on addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Methods
To help a user to recover, there are special methods that are utilized in CBT.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions
- Though Records
- Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
- The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
- The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
Example "My manager thinks I'm useless." I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. My supervisor may in fact think highly of me for being able to learn from my mistakes. I can change without having to use alcohol."
- CBT 'Behavioural Experiments' Technique
- To see the one that has a greater effect on behaviour, the effects of positive thoughts can be compared to those of negative ones.
- Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
- Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.
Example " "If I talk kindly to myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less." vs "If I'm hard on myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less."
- Creating Images In Your Mind
- During this exercise, patients have to think about a past experience that causes severe negative feelings.
- The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
- Frequently by visiting the painful memories a recovering addict can reduce the anxiety caused by the memories over a period of time.
Example A difficult childhood memory is the focus of a young man's thoughts. Everything they went through at that time is clear as day to them. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.
- Pleasant Activity Program
- This is a method used to reduce the monotony of routines by planning activities that are enjoyable and healthy at certain times.
- All the activities on the list should be easy to do, simple, and trigger positive emotions.
- The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. He or she can begin to use the extra time at their desk to enjoy some new music from a melodious artist.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy take a more practical approach to therapy as compared to other methods.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on action oriented, quick treatment. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
Other psychotherapy approaches could take up to a number of years to produce results. Positive results in CBT may be visible in as little as sixteen sessions.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.