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What Is Drug Addiction?

Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.


Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.

Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.


Is Drug Addiction Treatable?

It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.


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An addict in treatment must work toward the following

  • Stopping to require using the drug
  • Remaining clean
  • Be a productive member of society, in the family, and at work

Principles Behind Effective Treatment

In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program

  • Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
  • There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
  • Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
  • Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
  • Going through with the programme is essential.
  • Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
  • Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
  • In order to accommodate the needs of the patient, treatment methods must be appraised with changes in the patient's needs.
  • Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
  • Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
  • Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
  • Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
  • People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.

How Is Drug Addiction Treated?

There are several steps to effective treatment

  • Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
  • Therapy or counselling
  • medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
  • evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
  • long haul follow-up to forestall backslide

A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.


During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.


How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?

Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.

  • Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
  • Relapse Prevention Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.

What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction

Psychotherapy assists addicts to

  • change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
  • Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
  • Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication

The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.

In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.


Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include

  • cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
  • Multidimensional family treatment created for young people with drug abuse issues and their families which addresses a scope of impacts on their drug mishandle designs and is intended to enhance general family working
  • Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
  • contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances

sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.


Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. Several approaches to therapies that are mainly designed to assist the patients to achieve a life that is free of drugs and crime after treatment are applied by residential treatment facilities.


Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are

  • Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
  • Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
  • Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.

Coping With Joining The Community

Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.